During the study, for example, the inmates had to learn to suppress the learned response to press the key, an action that normally boosts activity in the ACC. So it’s possible that training on such tasks might increase activity in the ACC and therefore could be useful in treating deviant behavior. While such simple self control training might seem trivial, some research suggests that helping inmates to master even this basic type of performance might help them to better inhibit other ingrained impulsive behaviors— like those that lead to relapse in addictions or re-committing crimes.
As exciting as that potential is, don’t expect “Minority Report”- style crime prediction any time soon.“It’s not ready to be rolled out,” says Kiehl. “Other researchers need to replicate the results and the scanning strategy needs to be tested on a larger sample and with different populations.”